Current status of water resources used in the integrated water cycle in different countries and regions
It is essential to have an in-depth and reliable knowledge of the current state of water resources and of the water policies that are being implemented in order to lay the foundations and to be able to make progress in the development of systems and technologies that are useful for the region and that allow it to adequately supply its citizens with primary resources.
The methodology to be implemented consists of the compilation by each region of the history of the aforementioned matters. The methodology is specified taking into account the particularities of each region but following the same parameters, divided into water resources and water policies.
Identification and analysis of the processes and stages in the water cycle and their particularities in each region.
The integral water cycle consists of several processes and stages. The geographical area in which the project is framed, indicates that the resources used can be quite similar in most cases, with a notorious difference in their management. These differences make it necessary to study the way of working the cycle in each region and to pool knowledge in order to optimise the most developed stages, as well as to implement improvements in each process of the cycle, avoiding mistakes due to lack of knowledge and inexperience. In addition, the different vision of the cycle by different countries is to provide solutions for similar areas within the MAC territory, such as rural and remote areas.
Integrated Management Systems
The aim is to merge the knowledge acquired in the studies and reports developed by building a database that provides reliability and security in the actions that take place in the other work activities. This database will promote environmental protection and contribute to the improvement of social and economic factors related to the water sector, including the acceleration of industrial progress.
Incidence of the integral water cycle on climate change
The actions to be carried out in this activity will consist of calculating emissions, both direct and indirect, in all the elements and processes of the cycle. In order to carry out this activity, the different guides and methods must be contrasted, choosing which of them best fits the needs of the project.
Climate change mitigation. Nexus CO2 - Water - Energy - Food
Climate change mitigation. CO2-Water-Energy-Food Nexus Direct integration of renewable energies and research and development of innovative technologies capable of producing energy from the different procedures, equipment, processes and stages that make up the water cycle.
The key to the intelligent specialization of this project will be based on the treatment of water consumption for the production of clean energy, consequently reducing CO2 emissions. Developing technologies or improvements that can be implemented in the cycle will improve the water-energy-food climate change relationship.
Development of singular projects
The actions necessary to implement the different technologies studied in the previous activities will be outlined.
In the singular and/or demonstration projects, a solution will be provided, specifically and depending on the type of system: either centralised or distributed; and in this case, depending on the stages contained in the cycle. For this purpose, different stages and locations will be chosen that show certain particularities suitable for the development of these actions.
Search for funds and financing systems for the implementation of unique projects.
Search for funds and financing systems for the implementation of the singular projects. This activity involves the search for the different forms of financing suitable for carrying out the projects on a real scale. This search will be carried out individually in each of the regions.
Guidelines for governance from a technical perspective
The aim of this activity is to lay the necessary foundations for the development of technical guidelines that bring regions and countries closer to the need to mitigate climate change. The integrated planning and management of the water cycle, through an appropriate technical governance policy, will allow factors such as the economic, tourism, agricultural and social sectors to also improve their planning and management, as they can also improve their planning and management, since water is the cornerstone of all of them. The measures planned aim to provide effective and sustainable responses in the medium and long term.